Analysis of indicators of demographic situation in 1990–2013 years (on the example of Sverdlovsk region)
N. A. Alimardanova, M. S. Serebrennikova, N. B. Fateeva, starshie prepodavateli Uralskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universitetaThe population in the country or in a particular region has a significant impact on their economic potential and on the development of the productive forces of society. The article considers the population dynamics on the example of the Sverdlovsk region. In 2000 there was the trend towards reducing the number of residents of the Sverdlovsk region. Natural population decline the remains main determining factor of the current demographic situation. Positive changes in the demographic situation in the Sverdlovsk region emerged more by 2005, increase the birth rate and a trend towards reduction of natural population decline. By 2013 there was the trend to the population growth and an increase in the natural population growth of the Sverdlovsk region. The birth rate continues to increase and death rate decreases that leads to the natural population growth of 0.7 %. To consolidate the positive trends in improving the demographic situation in Sverdlovsk region Sverdlovsk region government developed and approved the Program of demographic development of the Sverdlovsk region for the period up to 2025. In the forecast period to 2050 in both versions of the demographic development of the region's population to the increase of factors of natural movement and migration is expected. However, with the implementation of a set of measures aimed at population saving (the active form), natural growth will be a key element in the formation of an additional population of the area. The overall dynamics of demographic trends in 2011–2050 will have a wave-like nature. There are allocated 3 periods of demographic development: 2011–2022, 2023–2038, 2039–2050.
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