Международный научный журнал «Аграрное образование и наука»

При содействии Университета науки и техники штата Айова

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ISSN 2309-7671

Key title:
Agrarnoe obrazovanie i nauka

Abbreviated key title:
Agrar. obraz. nauka

Vocational guidance and training of specialists in the agricultural sector in Sverdlovsk region

M. A. Zadorina, aspirant Uralskogo federalnogo universiteta imeni pervogo Prezidenta Rossii B. N. Eltsina

Nowadays there is a problem with the mismatch of the volume and structure of vocational training to the regional labor market needs in all spheres of economic activity, including agriculture in the Sverdlovsk region. There is a shortage of skilled labor in agricultural production that leads to the slow pace of social development of rural areas and the decline of the able-bodied population, especially young people. In this case, implementation of vocational guidance, especially among students of educational institutions, in addition to financial mechanisms aimed at rural and agricultural development becomes vital. Work to optimize students’ professional identities and the management of their professional strategies should be based on actual data. That data should also be used to develop vocational education and the labor market in the Sverdlovsk region and to develop specific areas of regional policy in the field of agriculture. The research was conducted in 2012–2013 to study the professional orientation of students of general educational institutions in the Sverdlovsk region. The paper analyzes the results of research of career plans and students’ life goals. It wasfound that only 6 % of 1,200 respondents intend to get vocational education in the agricultural sector such as «agriculture and fish industry», «reproduction and processing of wood resources», «technology of food products and consumer goods» and «life safety, environmental engineering and environmental protection». The need to improve vocational guidance in general secondary education is revealed, key measures to optimize students’ professional identities are defined.

References

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