Международный научный журнал «Аграрное образование и наука»

При содействии Университета науки и техники штата Айова

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ISSN 2309-7671

Key title:
Agrarnoe obrazovanie i nauka

Abbreviated key title:
Agrar. obraz. nauka

The cultivar of hybrid gladiolus in terms of the Middle Urals

M. YU. Karpuhin, kandidat selskohozyaystvennyh nauk, dotsent, zaveduyuschiy kafedroy ovoschevodstva i plodovodstva im. prof. N. F. Konyaeva Uralskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta, K. V. Dedyuhina, A. S. Lyubimova, V. A. Yuschenko, studenty UrGA

The article provides the data of the field experiment made in 2012–2013 in an educational pilot farm of UrGAU on a strain investigation of a gladiolus hybrid. In experience breeds Zorro's, Tradekhorn, Baccara, Brown Schuga were studied. On average for 2 years of researches it is established that all studied hybrids in soil climatic conditions of the Middle Urals began vegetation practically at the same time, but the hybrid Tradekhorn entered a butonization phase on 2-3 days earlier. All hybrids belonged to the class of averages. Height of a peduncule fluctuated from 105 to 115 cm, and the control hybrid of Zorro appeared the highest. Defeats of plants by wreckers and diseases was in all years of experience insignificant. Productivity of bulb- ous tubers fluctuated by options from 8,4 to 15,4 kg/sq.m, and on control option (Zorro) it was lower in comparison with other options on 2,8–7,0 kg/sq.m. Hybrids Tradekhorn and Baccara appeared the most productive on an exit of buds – 280 and 266 pieces/sq.m respectively. These hybrids are the most decorative and can be used in gardening of the Middle Urals.

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