Международный научный журнал «Аграрное образование и наука»

При содействии Университета науки и техники штата Айова

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ISSN 2309-7671

Key title:
Agrarnoe obrazovanie i nauka

Abbreviated key title:
Agrar. obraz. nauka

Conditions of formation of the human capital of rural population of Sverdlovsk region

O. S. Gorbunova, starshiy prepodavatel Uralskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta

The human capital is the acquired stock of knowledge, abilities and skills. Expedient use of this capital in the agrarian sphere promotes growth of labor productivity and production. Use of this stock leads to growth of earnings (income) of the given worker in the future by refusal of part of the current consumption. The human capital of agriculture of Sverdlovsk region has the low level that gives pre-requisites for its analysis, identification of conditions which influence its formation and use, and tak-ing measures for its improvement. The human capital of agriculture much depends on conditions in which it is formed, for example social living conditions in the village. The major are: negative working conditions and life of peasants, biased reduction of number of country people in all regions of the country which is reached due to deliberate destruction of earlier operating welfare infrastructure, a harmonious educational system, career guidance, preparation and retraining of personnel of an agricul-tural profile on all categories of workers and ways, including personal subsidiary farm, cooperatives, state farms. It is impossible not to take into account the level of training and their ability to work. Preparation of highly qualified and demanded personnel for agriculture is a topical and significant is-sue for many higher educational institutions and a problem for the effective and advanced organiza-tions of agro-industrial complex. These conditions of formation of the human capital demand the careful analysis and improvement with the purpose to increase the level of the human capital in agri-culture.

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