Международный научный журнал «Аграрное образование и наука»

При содействии Университета науки и техники штата Айова

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ISSN 2309-7671

Key title:
Agrarnoe obrazovanie i nauka

Abbreviated key title:
Agrar. obraz. nauka

Scientific bases of increase of efficiency of import substitution

E. S. Umatova, aspirant Uralskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta (g. Ekaterinburg, ul. Gogolya, d. 25)

The urgency is due to the theoretical nature of problems facing modern agricultural science. The author examines the theories and concepts necessary for the development of import substitution as an essential condition of food security in Sverdlovsk region. Considered are the issues of import substitution, which come to the fore in connection with the extension of economic sanctions by the US and the EU; measures aimed at the scientific development of agriculture in the region. The article explains the problem of import substitution, analyzes different scientific approaches to reveal the content of import substitution. The author's interpretation of "import substitution". Reveals the arguments for and against the policy of import substitution. Study the examples of import substitution in the Sverdlovsk region and the Republic of Belarus. Identified the need to intensify research, production and intellectual potential of University science in terms of evaluation and selection of the research priorities of agribusiness development: strategic planning and forecasting of socio-economic development of the agrarian sector of the economy through the active participation of the scientific community in the development of the system of long–, medium–and short-term forecasts, identifying tools and mechanisms for their implementation. Examines the positive experience of agriculture of the Republic of Belarus, which occupies sixth place among Russia's main partners after China, the Netherlands, Germany, Ukraine, Italy. The visits of heads of regions of Russia in Belarus and the official delegations of Belarus, the Russian Federation signed more than 60 bilateral agreements between Belarus and regions of Russia. Currently, interregional cooperation is underpinned by a solid legal base, including more than 250 agreements, protocols and memoranda governing bilateral cooperation in trade, natural resources management, agriculture development, improvement of transport and energy infrastructure, and many others. Consistent implementation of the provisions of these documents provides a stable development of the Russian and Belarusian regions. Cooperation develops not only at the level of bodies of administrative-territorial governance and state management bodies of the two countries, but also between business entities.

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