The functioning of agricultural producers in a competitive market
Chupina I. P., d. e. n., professor Uralskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta (Ekaterinburg, ul. Karla Libknehta, 42) Retsenzent: A. G. Mokronosov, d. e. n., professor, zav. kaf. ekonomiki RGPPUIn recent years there have been significant changes in the practice of the functioning of the global food market. Intense competition has led to the creation of an international organization gov-erning the competition in this market. But the situation is such that sometimes the WTO is trying to use as a weapon in the competitive struggle of the country with a strong agricultural sector, using methods of "collective diplomacy". This contributes to the fact that the majority of export-import operations with food, is conducted by the large transnational corporations that have close ties with national governments and engaged in lobbying via national and international authorities. In Russia a few powerful vertically integrated structures, TNK international, which are unable to compete ef-fectively. In agricultural production rather passive adaptation of farmers to changing conditions, often expressed in the curtailment of production. Developed countries, major exporters of food, now more profitable to sell with a loss of surplus production, because it minimizes their costs. Institutional transformations in the agrarian sphere of Russia has not yet received sufficient dy-namism. Far from complete, land reform. While in Russia there are no objective conditions that en-sure this in the first place, the total loss of agricultural production as a source of land rent in agricul-tural production, to ensure the normal functioning of the land market. It was revealed that the effec-tive action of the competitive mechanism in the agricultural sector of Russia are not only institu-tional transformations in the sphere of ownership, it is necessary to create an appropriate institu-tional environment, which is expressed in unity of actions of economic, legal and social institutions of the market economy. The negative pressure of the external environment hampers the restructur-ing of agricultural production.
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