Международный научный журнал «Аграрное образование и наука»

При содействии Университета науки и техники штата Айова

Материалы для бесплатной публикации отправлять сюда: a-nauka@mail.ru | Требования к оформлению

ISSN 2309-7671

Key title:
Agrarnoe obrazovanie i nauka

Abbreviated key title:
Agrar. obraz. nauka

Phenological features fenugreek greek (Trigonellafoenum-graecum L.)

A. V. Abramchuk, k. b. n., dotsent; Uralskiy gosudarstvennyy agrarnyy universitet. Retsenzent: A. S. Gusev, k. b. n., dotsent

Fenugreek-the oldest medicinal plant, included in the Pharmacopoeia of many European countries. In Greece, Egypt, India - this plant is called "Shambala". It has long been used in medical practice, preparations from fenugreek seeds are widely used in the treatment of many diseases: enhance metabolism, have anabolic, sedative effect; enhance the protective properties of the body, strengthen the nervous system, normalize blood pressure, tone the heart muscle. Research on the topic: "Phenological features of fenugreek Greek (Trigonellafoenum-graecum L." was conducted in the experimental farm "Uralets", on the collection site of medicinal plants Ur GAU, located in Beloyarsk district, Sverdlovsk region. The aim of the study is to study the phenological features of fenugreek Greek in natural and climatic conditions of The middle Urals. Sowing of seeds was carried out in the open ground, in early may. Sowing depth 2.0-3.0 cm; after emergence thinning was carried out, so that the distance in a row between the plants was 10 cm, row spacing – 35 cm; planting density 30 plants/m2. Three options are included in the scheme of experience: 1. pitch. – grade Gourmet (taken as control); 2. pitch. – "Shambala"; 3.pitch. - "Helba". In the second and third versions of "Shambala" and "Helba", respectively - fenugreek population from Egypt. It was found that all phenological phases of fenugreek "Helba" occurred much earlier, the period from the germination phase to the phase of mass fruiting was 98 days, whereas fenugreek "Shambala" - 109, and fenugreek variety Gourmet – 113 days.

References

1. Abramchuk A. V. Introduktsiya chiny gorohovidnoy (LathyruspisiformisL.) / A. V. Abramchuk. Agrarnoe obrazovanie i nauka. 2013. #3. S. 1-3.
2. Abramchuk A. V. Elementy introduktsii chiny gorohovidnoy/ A. V. Abramchuk. Konyaevskie chteniya: sb. statey mezhd. nauchno-prakt. konf. Ur GAU. 2014. S. 21-23
3. Abramchuk A. V. Ustoychivost mnogoletnih dikorastuschih bobovyh rasteniy v usloviyah introduktsii / A. V. Abramchuk. Konyaevskie chteniya: sb. statey mezhd. nauchno-prakt. konf. Ur GAU. 2014. S. 23-25.
4. Abramchuk A. V. Osobennosti rosta i razvitiya mnogoletnih vidov viki (ViciaL.) v usloviyah introduktsii/ A. V. Abramchuk, M. YU. Karpuhin. Kormoproizvodstvo. 2016. #5. S. 20-23.
5. Abramchuk A. V. Himicheskiy sostav i farmakologicheskie svoystva pazhitnika grecheskogo (Trigonellafoenum-graecumL.) A. V. Abramchuk. Vestnik biotehnologii. 2018. # 3. Elektr. zhurnal
6. Barnaulov O. D. Detoksikatsionnaya fitoterapiya, ili protivoyadnye svoystva lekarstvennyh rasteniy / O. D. Barnaulov. – SPb: Politehnika, 2007. – 409 s.
7. Barnaulov O. D. Lekarstvennye svoystva pryanostey/ O. D. Barnaulov – SPb. Inform-Navigator, 2015. – 288 s.
8. Bolshaya illyustrirovannaya entsiklopediya. Lekarstvennye rasteniya. – Sankt-Peterburg, SZKEO, 2017. - 224 s.
9. Vse o lekarstvennyh rasteniyah. – SPb: OOO «SZKEO», 2016. – 192 s.
10. Plechischik E. D. Pazhitnik grecheskiy (TrigonellafoenumgraecumL.),kak istochnik shirokogo spektra biologicheski aktivnyh soedineniy/ E. D. Plechischik, L. V. Goncharova, E. V. Spiridovich// Trudy Belorusskogo gos. Un-ta. Ser. «Fiziologicheskie, biohimicheskie i molekulyarnye osnovy funktsionirovaniya biosistem». – 2009. – T., ch. 2, s .138-146.
11. Shelyuto B. Produktivnost i ekonomicheskaya effektivnost vozdelyvaniya pazhitnika grecheskogo (TrigonellafoenumgraecumL.) sorta Chiadonha v usloviyah severo-vostoka Belarusi v zavisimosti ot srokov poseva/ B. Shelyuto – Agrarnaya ekonomika, #5, 2013. – S. 50-55.
12. Acharya S. N. Fenugreek, an alternative crop for semiarid regions of North America/ S. N. Acharya, J. E. Thomas, S. K. Basu // Crop Science. - Madison: Crop Science Society of America. – 2008. - #48 (3). – R.841-853.
13. Fernandez-Aparicio, M. Control of Orobanchecrenata in legumes intercropped with fenugreek (Trigonellafoenumgraecum L.) / M. Fernandez-Aparicio, A. A. Emeran, A. Rubiales// AGRICOLA. Crop protection. – 2008. – Mar.-May. – Vol. 27 (3-5). – R.653-659.
14. Kaviarasan S. Fenugreek seed (Trigonellafoenum-graecum L.) polyphenols inhibit ethanol-induced collagen and lipid accumulation in rat liver// S. Kaviarasa,.R. Viswanathan, C. V. Anuradha / Cell Biol. Toxicol 2007. Vol. 23. P.373-380.
15. Premanath R. Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of Fenugreek (Trigonellafoenum-graecum L.) leaves/ R. Premanath, J. Sudisha, S. M. Aradhya // Res. J. Med. Plant. 2011. Vol. 5.#6. R. 695-705.
16. Srinivasan K. Fenugreek (Trigonellafoenum-graecum L.): A review of health beneficial physiological effect /K. Srinivasan // Foodreviewsinternational. – 2006. – Vol. 22, # 2. – R.203-224.

Read PDF Back to contents
Background