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ISSN 2309-7671

Key title:
Agrarnoe obrazovanie i nauka

Abbreviated key title:
Agrar. obraz. nauka

THE TYPES OF THE BIRCH (BETULA L.), WHICH USED IN THE LANDSCAPE CONSTRUCTION

M. YU. Karpuhin, k. s.-h. n., dotsent kafedry ovoschevodstva i plodovodstva im N. F. Konyaeva; A. V. Abramchuk, k. b. n., dotsent kafedry rastenievodstva i selektsii, Uralskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta

The birch (Bétula L.) seed. Birch (Betulaceae). The genus includes about 120 polymorphic species. Distributed in the northern hemisphere from the tundra to the tropics, the most common in temperate and cold zones, at least - in South Asia and South America, mainly in the mountains. Beautiful deciduous trees, shrubs, sometimes shrubs, with an openwork crown, often with slender drooping branches and light-colored trunk. Differ rapid growth. Almost all kinds of light-requiring. Undemanding to soil fertility, but can not tolerate soil compaction; grow as much wetland and dry stony soils. Very hardy. Well tolerated conditions of the city landing strip on the lawn. For the characteristic birch mycorrhiza. Propagate by sowing seeds collected during the browning earrings. Good resumes shoots, giving interesting in relation to the decorative multi-barreled form. Planting should be done in early spring not older than 5-7 years, more mature plants are planted in winter with frozen lumpy. Autumn landing leads to a large mortality. Some species are valuable for ornamental horticulture, are among the best parks and trees are highly desirable in the gardens, planting alleys, but always on the lawn band. Decorative birches give openwork Crown, bright color of bark, leaves light green in spring and summer, and golden-yellow in autumn. Birches are suitable for all types of landings, especially in combination with ash, willows, oaks, lindens, maples, cherries, as well as on the background of conifers.

References

1. Abramchuk A.V. Dizayn vodnogo sada/ A. V. Abramchuk. – Ekaterinburg: OOO «IRA UTK», 2010. – 63 s. 2. Abramchuk A.V. Landshaftnyy dizayn. Osobennosti sozdaniya kamenistyh i vodnyh sadov/ A.V. Abramchuk, S. K. Mingalev, M. YU. Karpuhin, G. G. Kartasheva – Ekaterinburg: Izdatelstvo Ur GSHA, 2012. – 362 s. 3. Abramchuk A.V. Obschie svedeniya o drevesnyh rasteniyah. – Ekaterinburg, 2012. -65 s. 4. Abramchuk A.V. Sadovo-parkovoe i landshaftnoe iskusstvo /A.V. Abramchuk, G.G.Kartasheva, M.YU. Karpuhin. - Ekaterinburg: 2013. -612 s. (Grif UMO vuzov RF). 5. Vse o dekorativnyh derevyah i kustarnikah. – M.: OLMA-PRESS Grand, 2003. – 320 - (Russkiy Hessayon). 6. Karpuhin M. YU. Drevesnye rasteniya v dekorativnom oformlenii parternogo gazona/ A.V. Abramchuk, M.YU. Karpuhin, agrarnoe obrazovanie i nauka. 2016. #1, s. 1. 7. Karpuhin M.YU. Ustroystvo parternyh i sportivnyh gazonov na srednem Urale/Stefanovich G.S., Karpuhin M.YU., Satubaldin K.K., Salanginas A.A., Ekaterinburg 2013 – 33 s. 8. Kartasheva G.G. Drevesnye rasteniya v landshaftnom dizayne. Uchebnoe posobie. Grif UMO vuzov RF/G.G. Kartasheva, A.V. Abramchuk, N.V. Kandakov – Ekaterinburg, 2009–310 s. 9. Haberer M. Dekorativnye derevya i kustarniki: 320 rasteniy dlya sada i landshafta/ M. Haberer. – M.: Ripol Klassik, 2002. – 192 s. 10. Hessayon D. G. Vse o dekorativnyh derevyah i kustarnikah/ D. G. Hessayon. – M.6 «Kladez-Buks», 2001. – 128 s.
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