Международный научный журнал «Аграрное образование и наука»

При содействии Университета науки и техники штата Айова

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ISSN 2309-7671

Key title:
Agrarnoe obrazovanie i nauka

Abbreviated key title:
Agrar. obraz. nauka

BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICINAL FEATURES LEMON BALM (MELÍSSA OFFICINÁLISL.)

N. M. Poyarkova, k. b. n., dotsent; S. E. Saparklycheva, k. s.- h. n., dotsent; V. V. Chulkova, k. s.- h. n., dotsent Uralskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta

Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.), herewith. Clear-Flowered-Lamiaceae Lindl.Perennial herbaceous, very thermophilic essential oil plant. Melissa prefers light loamy soils, well-lit and protected from cold Northern winds of the habitat. It does not tolerate acidic and structureless soils. Melissa grass contains essential oil, which includes: citral (up to 60%), citronellal (5%), myrcene, geraniol, aldehydes, ascorbic acid (up to 150 mg%), bitterness, mucus. The leaves contain up to 1% of essential oil, about 5% of condensed tannins, coffee, oleanolic and ursolic acids; the seeds contain up to 20% of fatty oil. Melissa officinalis has antispasmodic, analgesic, soothing, hypotensive, diuretic effects; improves digestion, has a slight laxative and diaphoretic effect, stops convulsions, reduces and relieves neuralgic pain, has a favorable effect on the activity of the heart. Especially effective treatment of heart diseases: patients are relieved of pain in the heart area, shortness of breath disappears, tachycardia attacks stop, blood pressure decreases, heart rate becomes less frequent, breathing slows down. The infusion is used for General weakness of the body, insomnia, atherosclerosis, hypertension, anemia, chronic catarrh, asthma, shortness of breath.

References

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