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ISSN 2309-7671

Key title:
Agrarnoe obrazovanie i nauka

Abbreviated key title:
Agrar. obraz. nauka

PHARMACOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES ACTINIDIA KOLOMIKTA [ACTINÍDIA KOLOMÍKTA (Rupr.) Maxim.]

A. V. Abramchuk, k. b. n., dotsent kafedry rastenievodstva i selektsii; M. YU. Karpuhin, k. s.-h. n., dotsent kafedry ovoschevodstva Uralskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta, (Ekaterinburg, ul. Karla Libknehta, 42)

Of all the Actinidia that grow in Russia in the far East, kolomikta has the most extensive range and is the most widespread. It is found in the Amur region, Primorsky and Khabarovsk territories, Sakhalin, and the Kuril Islands. Outside of our country, it is common in China, Korea, and Japan. It has been used in culture since the 50s of the XIX century. Fruits contain sugars, organic acids; pectin, tannins, coloring substances; lactones, traces of saponins; roots-alkaloids; wood-catechins; leaves-ascorbic acid. The whole plant contains bioflavonoids, including kaempferol. Berries are high in vitamin C, which is 5 times more than in black currant; more than in orange and lemon; P and provitamin A (carotene). Fruits are used as a vitamin preparation, for the prevention and treatment of vitamin deficiency. Berries are recommended as a hemostatic, analgesic, deworming agent, as well as in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, dental caries. Leaf preparations are recommended for the treatment of osteoporosis.

References

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