Международный научный журнал «Аграрное образование и наука»

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ISSN 2309-7671

Key title:
Agrarnoe obrazovanie i nauka

Abbreviated key title:
Agrar. obraz. nauka

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES of wild STRAWBERRIES (FRAGÁRIA VÉSCA L.)

A. V. Abramchuk, k. b. n., dotsent kafedry rastenievodstva i selektsii; V. V. Chulkova, k. s.-h. n., dotsent kafedry ovoschevodstva Uralskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta, (Ekaterinburg, ul. Karla Libknehta, 42)

The wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.) it is characterized by an increased content of biologically active substances. The fruit contains organic, tannic and pectin substances, sugars, vitamins: C, carotene, B6, traces of B1; phytoncides, mineral elements (salts P, Ca, Co, Mn); it is found that the fruit has twice as much iron as in plums, and 40 times more than in grapes. Fruits and leaves are used as medicinal raw materials. From the leaves, a purified amount of phenolic compounds was isolated, which in animal experiments have a diuretic, hypotensive, vasodilating and cardiotonic effect. Fresh berries as a source of vitamin C are a valuable dietary remedy for liver, kidney, and heart disease. Fresh berries in large quantities – a wonderful tool for vascular sclerosis, hypertension. Preparations from the leaves are used in the treatment of atherosclerosis, as a diuretic for kidney diseases, bladder, stones and sand in the kidneys, in violation of salt metabolism, to reduce blood pressure by expanding blood vessels; infusion - as a General tonic and for asthma.

References

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